An employee's minimum pay rate can come from an award, enterprise agreement or other registered agreement or the national minimum wage.
Employees have to be paid the right pay rate for all hours they work, including time spent:
- in team meetings
- opening and closing the business
- working unreasonable trial shifts.
Learn about pay obligations, including minimum wages, pay slip and record-keeping requirements and the rules regarding unpaid work.
You can test your knowledge about pay entitlements and obligations with the Fair Work Ombudsman's (FWO) Workplace Basics quiz .
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The FWO's Pay Calculator calculates base pay rates, allowances and penalty rates (including overtime). It's the tool the FWO Infoline advisers use to answer your enquiries.
You can calculate minimum pay rates, penalties and allowances under an award using the FWO's Pay Calculator . It can help you find your award if you're not sure.
You can also use the FWO's Pay guides to find this information for most classifications under a particular award in a single guide.
If you're covered by an enterprise agreement or other registered agreement , check the agreement for rates.
Certain employees may have different pay entitlements depending on whether they have a reduced work capacity because of disability, if they're under the age of 21 or if they are an apprentice or trainee. For more information about pay for these employees, visit:
There are also some pay arrangements that employers can put in place if their award allows for it and awards with special pay rates. You can find extra information on these types of pay on the pages below:
- Piece rates and commission payments
- Salary payments
- Social and community services industry pay rates .
Use the FWO's Pay Calculator to calculate penalty rates and allowances in your industry.
You can also check the FWO's pay guides for pay rates, allowances and common penalties in your industry.
If you're covered by an enterprise agreement or other registered agreement , your penalty rates and allowances will be contained in your agreement. To find an agreement, go to the Fair Work Commission website.
Check when money can be taken out of an employee's pay and how overpayments are recovered.
Employees must be paid at least monthly and can be paid by one, or a combination of, the following:
- cheque, money order or postal order, payable to the employee
- electronic funds transfer (ie. EFT or bank transfer).
Most awards, enterprise agreements or registered agreements will set out when employees must be paid. If it doesn't, employees must be paid monthly. If it doesn't, employees must be paid at least monthly.
In any business, large or small, record-keeping is vital to success. Record-keeping and pay slip obligations ensure employees receive correct wages and entitlements.
Check out the FWO's pay slips page to learn what has to be included on pay slips and find the pay slip template.
Visit the FWO's record-keeping page to learn about record-keeping requirements and to download the record-keeping templates.
The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) gives advice and information about tax requirements and super guarantee contributions.
For questions about your tax contact the ATO on 13 28 61 or visit their website .
For information about recording tax or superannuation on employee records or pay slips, go to the FWO's Pay slips and record-keeping page.
An employer can send employees home if there is no useful work for them to do because of:
- equipment break down
- natural disaster (including floods, bushfires, tropical cyclones)
- industrial action .
This is known as a stand down. This can only happen if the reason for the stand down was out of the employer's control.
Employees can't be stood down just because there is not enough work.
Unpaid work can take on different forms - from vocational placements, unpaid internships, unpaid work experience and unpaid trials. They are entered into for a number of reasons. These include:
- to give a person experience in a job or industry
- to test a person’s job skills
- to volunteer time and effort to a not-for-profit organisation.
With some of these arrangements it’s okay not to pay the person doing the work. With other arrangements the person is actually an employee and should be paid.
Find out about types of unpaid work arrangements and some of the problems that can occur with:
Get help finding the answers to your questions about pay and entitlements.
For further information, advice or assistance please contact the ABCC at 1800 003 338 or enquiry [at] abcc.gov.au.